Wordpress has lots of hosting options all of which cost money to be on a shared hosting server. I need a autoscaling & auto-healing Wordpress setup that will cost less than dedicated WP hosting while offering all the awesomeness of AWS. AWS is hard to setup all the moving pieces correctly, Beanstalk configures all those pieces while costing nothing other than paying for the AWS resources Beanstalk sets up.
Deploy an autoscaling, auto-healing Wordpress website on AWS Beanstalk using the ‘eb’ cli tool.
- AWS Beanstalk - link
- eb - link
- AWS Regions & Endpoints - link
- Wordpress - link
- Wordpress on GitHub link
HowTo - Setup the eb tool
On your MacBook create a file to host your AWS creds.
sandor@theargo$ vim ~/.awscreds
AWSAccessKeyId=Your AWS access ID AWSSecretKey=Your AWS secret key
Set the permissions
sandor@theargo$ chmod 0600 ~/.awscreds
Install all the AWS tools using Homebrew
brew install awscli brew install aws-elasticbeanstalk brew install aws-as brew install aws-cfn-tools brew install aws-cloudsearch brew install aws-elasticcache brew install aws-mon brew install aws-sns-cli
Some of those installs need stuff added to the bash|zsh profile
# aws stuff export AWS_ACCESS_KEY="Your AWS access ID" export AWS_SECRET_KEY="Your AWS secret key" export AWS_CLOUDFORMATION_HOME="/usr/local/Cellar/aws-cfn-tools/1.0.12/libexec" export AWS_CLOUDWATCH_HOME="/usr/local/Cellar/cloud-watch/22.214.171.124/libexec" export AWS_ELASTICACHE_HOME="/usr/local/Cellar/aws-elasticache/1.9.000/libexec" export CS_HOME=/usr/local/Cellar/aws-cloudsearch/126.96.36.199-2013.01.11 export EC2_HOME="/usr/local/Cellar/ec2-api-tools/188.8.131.52/libexec" export AWS_SNS_HOME="/usr/local/Cellar/aws-sns-cli/2013-09-27/libexec" export JAVA_HOME="$(/usr/libexec/java_home)" export AWS_CREDENTIAL_FILE=/Users/sandor/.awscreds export ELASTICBEANSTALK_URL="https://elasticbeanstalk.us-west-2.amazonaws.com"
Planning ahead for the eventual Cascadia so Oregon is my AWS home
HowTo - Setup a BeanStalk Environment
Setup a basic PHP BeanStalk to verify everything is working. The end results is you should see a PHP test page.
sandor@theargo$ eb init sandor@theargo$ To get your AWS Access Key ID and Secret Access Key, visit "https://aws-portal.amazon.com/gp/aws/securityCredentials". Enter your AWS Access Key ID: Your AWS Access Key Enter your AWS Secret Access Key: Your AWS Secret Access Key Select an AWS Elastic Beanstalk service region. Available service regions are: … 2) US West (Oregon) ... Select (1 to 9): 2 Enter an AWS Elastic Beanstalk application name (auto-generated value is "testapp"): Enter an AWS Elastic Beanstalk environment name (auto-generated value is "testapp-env"): Select an environment tier. Available environment tiers are: 1) WebServer::Standard::1.0 ... Select (1 to 2): 1 Select a solution stack. Available solution stacks are: 1) 64bit Amazon Linux 2014.09 v1.0.9 running PHP 5.5 … Select (1 to 49): 1 Select an environment type. Available environment types are: ... 2) SingleInstance Select (1 to 2): 2 Create an RDS DB Instance? [y/n]: y Create an RDS BD Instance from (current value is "[No snapshot]"): 1) [No snapshot] ... Select (1 to 2): 1 Enter an RDS DB master password: Retype password to confirm: If you terminate your environment, your RDS DB Instance will be deleted and you will lose your data. Create snapshot? [y/n]: n Attach an instance profile (current value is "[Create a default instance profile]"): You IAM user does not have sufficient permission. User: arn:aws:iam::246173154382:user/smbec2r is not authorized to perform: iam:ListInstanceProfiles on resource: arn:aws:iam::246173154382:instance-profile/ Do you want to proceed without attaching an instance profile? [y/n]: y Updated AWS Credential file at "/Users/sandor/.elasticbeanstalk/aws_credential_file".
Now start the test BeanStalk
sandor@theargo$ eb start Starting application "testapp". Waiting for environment "testapp-env" to launch. 2014-12-01 00:01:10 INFO createEnvironment is starting. 2014-12-01 00:01:12 INFO Using elasticbeanstalk-us-west-2-246133154382 as Amazon S3 storage bucket for environment data. 2014-12-01 00:01:47 INFO Created EIP: 184.108.40.206 2014-12-01 00:01:50 INFO Created security group named: awseb-e-97v6vazrp7-stack-AWSEBSecurityGroup-1AECQMWSW2P6H 2014-12-01 00:02:00 INFO Creating RDS database named: ab1e1p73zy1ede2. This may take a few minutes. 2014-12-01 00:11:27 INFO Created RDS database named: aa1e1p73zv1ede2 2014-12-01 00:12:23 INFO Waiting for EC2 instances to launch. This may take a few minutes. 2014-12-01 00:14:05 INFO Successfully launched environment: testapp-env
Navigate to the EIP - http://220.127.116.11 and you should see the Beanstalk PHP congrats page.
Now that we know everything is setup correctly to deploy a test PHP environment we will deploy a full on Wordpress install.
HowTo - Deploy Wordpress to Beanstalk
First goal is to get a bare bones Wordpress setup working. There are two ways to deploy to Beanstalk, hand it a docker container of your app or do a git push. For this example we are going with a Docker container because in 2 years that will be the way it is and I dont want to go back and read how retarded I was in 2014 deploying with git.
This HowTo assumes we are starting with a clean whiteboard Wordpress deployment. The HowTo of migrating an existing Wordpress will be a separate post.
Clone Wordpress from the Github mirror of the WP SVN, into the same directory we used for the eb steps above.
sandor@theargo$ git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:WordPress/WordPress.git .